The Human Rights Act is the main way your human rights are protected in the UK.
The Human Rights Act contains a list of 16 rights (called ‘Articles’). You can find out about some of these rights here.
The rights in the Human Rights Act are taken from the European Convention on Human Rights. The UK helped write the Convention.
Before we had the Human Rights Act in the UK, you had to go to the European Court of Human Rights (in France) to get help. This is far away, and it can take years to get your case heard.
The Human Rights Act brought these rights closer to home.
These are 3 things you need know about how the Human Rights Act works:
Under the Human Rights Act public services (and the officials who work for them) by law must protect, respect and fulfil human rights in every service they provide, in every action and decision, every day.
This means that public services (and the officials who work for them) must:
This duty is really important in everyday situations because if you are treated badly by services you can: